9 Types of Graphic Design for Beginners


Graphic design is a field that has grown considerably in recent years, with more and more people interested in learning the ropes of this creative profession. With so many different types of graphic design, it can take time to figure out where to start. That’s why we’ve put together a guide to the nine types of graphic design for beginners looking to enhance their creativity.

Understanding Graphic Design

Graphic design is creating visual content to communicate information to a specific audience and combining typography, photography, and illustration with layout, balance, space, shapes, contrast, and composition to produce a cohesive and visually appealing design.

Understanding how to use these elements effectively can help designers create visually appealing designs that are easy to read and communicate their message effectively. Layout is an essential aspect of graphic design. It involves arranging visual elements in a visually appealing way that is easy to read. 

Shapes and contrast are also essential elements of graphic design. Shapes can create visual interest, and contrast can highlight important information or make a sense of depth in the design.

In conclusion, designers can create visual content and communicate their message effectively by understanding the visual elements, communication, layout, shapes, and contrast.

Types of Graphic Design

Graphic design is a versatile field that involves creating graphic content to communicate information and ideas to the audience. There are various types of graphic design that beginners can explore to enhance their creativity and skills. Here are some basic types of graphic design:

Logo and Brand Design

Logo and brand design is a type of graphic design that involves creating visual representations of a company or organization. It includes designing logos, brand identity, and other visual elements representing the brand. 

Web and App Design

Web and app design is a type of graphic design that involves designing user interfaces for websites and mobile applications. It includes creating layouts, buttons, icons, and other visual elements that make the website or app appealing and user-friendly. 

Publication and Print Design

Publication and print design is a type of graphic design that involves designing layouts for printed materials such as magazines, newspapers, books, newsletters, brochures, menus, labels, and more. It includes selecting visual elements to create a cohesive design communicating the message effectively.

Package Design

It is a type of graphic design that involves designing product packaging. It includes creating visual designs for boxes, bags, bottles, and other packaging materials that make the product appealing and stand out on the shelves.

Environmental Design

It is a design that involves designing visual elements for physical spaces such as murals, stadium branding, exhibitions, office branding, event spaces, and more. It includes creating designs for signage, wayfinding, and other visual elements that enhance the space’s overall aesthetic. 

In conclusion, beginners can explore various types of graphic design to enhance their creativity and skills. Different graphic designs require a particular skill set and knowledge of design principles. 

Essential Skills for Graphic Designers

Here are some essential skills for graphic designers to excel in this field. These skills include:

  1. Creativity

Creativity is one of the most essential skills a graphic designer must have. This skill allows designers to develop unique and innovative ideas to help them stand out in a crowded market. A creative mind is essential for designing logos, brands, websites, and graphic images.

  1. Proficiency in Graphic Design Software

Graphic designers must be proficient in using graphic design software such as Adobe Illustrator. This software is essential for creating high-quality designs that are visually appealing. A good graphic designer should be able to use this software to create aesthetically pleasing and functional designs.

  1. Knowledge of Coding

While coding is not a requirement for all graphic designers, having some coding knowledge can be helpful. This skill can help designers create responsive and optimized designs for different devices. 

  1. Understanding of UI Design

UI design, or user interface design, is essential for graphic designers. This skill involves designing interfaces that are easy to use and navigate. Understanding UI design can make a website or application more user-friendly and increase engagement.

  1. Understanding of User Experience

User experience, or UX, is another essential skill for graphic designers. This skill involves designing products and services that are easy to use and provide a positive experience for users.

In conclusion, a successful graphic designer should understand creativity, technical skills, and design principles. These skills can be developed through practice and experience. 

The Role of Graphic Design in Marketing

One of the critical areas where graphic design is used in marketing is social media. Social media apps rely heavily on visual content to engage users. Also, in digital marketing, it is used to create engaging content for websites, blogs, and digital advertising. 

In addition to creating visual content, graphic design is essential in branding. It helps create a consistent brand visual identity across all marketing channels. This includes everything from the brand’s logo to the marketing materials designs such as brochures and advertisements.

Overall, graphic design helps to create visually appealing content that communicates a message effectively and establishes brand identity. 

Career Paths in Graphic Design

Graphic design is a vast field that offers various career paths for beginners. Here are some of the most popular career paths in graphic design:

Logo Design

Logo design is one of the most popular career paths in graphic design. Logo designers create logos for companies, products, and services. They work closely with their clients to understand their needs and create a logo representing their brand.

Brand Design

Brand designers create visual identities for companies. They design everything from logos to packaging to websites. Brand designers work closely with their clients to understand their brand and create a visual identity that represents it.

Web Design

Web designers create websites that are aesthetic and easy to use. Designers work with web developers to create functional and user-friendly websites. Web designers need to understand user experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design well.

Graphic Image Design

Graphic image designers create visual content for print and digital media. They design everything from brochures to social media graphics to billboards. Graphic image designers need to have a good understanding of typography, color theory, and composition.

Production Artist

Production artists work in the printing industry. They prepare artwork for printing, including ensuring that colors are accurate and the artwork is formatted correctly. Production artists need to have a good understanding of printing processes and software like Adobe InDesign.

Layout Artist

Layout artists work in the publishing industry. They design the layout of books, magazines, and newspapers. Layout artists need to have a good understanding of typography and page layout.

DTP Artist

DTP artists (Desktop Publishing) create documents that are ready for printing. They work with software like Adobe InDesign to create documents like brochures, flyers, and newsletters. 

UI Designer

UI designers (User Interface) create interfaces for software and applications. They work closely with UX designers to create beautiful interfaces that are easy to use and visually appealing. UI designers need to understand user experience (UX) and software design well.

UI Developer

UI developers (User Interface) work with UI designers to create interfaces for software and applications. They use programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create functional and user-friendly interfaces. 

In conclusion, graphic design offers beginners a diverse range of career paths. From logo design to web design to UI design, many opportunities are available for those interested in pursuing a career in graphic design.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the different types of graphic design?

There are various types of graphic design, each with its unique purpose and characteristics. Some of the most common types of graphic design include logo design, brand design, web design, visual image, and typography. Other types of graphic design include packaging design, advertising design, and editorial design.

What are some examples of graphic design portfolios?

It is a collection of an artist’s best work. The portfolio includes a variety of projects, such as logo designs, brand identity, web design, and print design. Some examples of graphic design portfolios are on websites like Behance, Dribble, and Pinterest.

What are the essential tools for graphic designers?

Graphic designers use a variety of tools to create their designs. Some essential tools include graphic design software like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign. Other tools include a computer, a graphics tablet, a scanner, and a printer.

What are the basics of logo design?

Logo design is the process of creating a symbol or emblem that represents a brand or company. The basics of logo design include:

  • Understanding the brand’s identity.
  • Researching the competition.
  • Choosing the right colors and typography.
  • Creating a design that is both memorable and timeless.

What is the difference between brand design and web design?

Brand design is creating a brand’s visual identity, including logos, typography, color palettes, and other design elements. On the other hand, web design focuses on creating a website that is visually appealing, easy to navigate, and functional. While both types of design are essential for a successful online presence, they require different skill sets and approaches.

What is the role of a graphic artist?

A graphic artist is responsible for creating visual designs that communicate a message or idea. They use a variety of tools and techniques to create designs that are aesthetically pleasing and effective. 


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